The Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act requires colleges and universities that receive
federal grant funds, allocated for campus-based programs (such as the Perkins Loan, College Work-Study, and Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant programs), to implement the regulations of the act. The goal of these regulations is the maintenance of a drug-free workplace. Compliance with the requirements of the act is necessary to keep federal aid money available to Biola students. What follows is the required notice to employees of the steps Biola will take in order to comply with the act.
The Dangers of Drug Abuse in the Workplace
The illicit use of controlled substances and the abuse of alcohol and legal drugs, while on the job, can result in serious injury to the drug user and fellow workers. The abuse of drugs and alcohol has been proven to impair the coordination, reaction time, emotional stability, and judgment of the user. This could have tragic consequences where demanding or stressful work situations call for quick and sound decisions. Serious injury or fatality of the drug abuser, other employees, or our constituents could result from the actions (or lack thereof) by an employee under the influence of drugs or alcoholic beverages.
Known health risks, resulting from the use of illicit drugs and/or alcohol, include damage to respiratory and immune systems, malnutrition, seizures, diminished brain function, liver and kidney damage, and a variety of other possible consequences. Other known health risks are discussed further below.
In addition to these physical dangers, an employee becomes subject to emotional trauma and workload hardships when he/she must work in the same department as a drug or alcohol abuser who is under the influence of those substances. Neither the abusers, their fellow workers, our constituents, nor this institution are well served when substance abuse occurs on the job.
Biola University’s policy is that the workplace be free of illicit drugs and alcoholic beverages and free of their use. The university wishes to provide a drug-free workplace for its employees. The on- campus manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession, or use of a controlled substance is unlawful, violates the University Standard of Conduct, and is therefore prohibited.
Health & Lifestyle Risks
The use or abuse of alcohol and other drugs/substances could increase the risk for a number of health related and other medical, behavioral, and social problems. These include the acute health problems related to intoxication or overdose (blackouts, convulsions, coma, death); physical and psychological dependence; malnutrition; long-term health problems, including cirrhosis of the liver, organic brain damage, high blood pressure, heart disease, ulcers, and cancer of the liver, mouth, throat, and stomach; contracting diseases such as AIDS through the sharing of hypodermic needles; pregnancy problems including miscarriages, still birth and learning disabilities; fetal alcohol syndrome; psychological or psychiatric problems; diminished behaviors (hangovers, hallucinations, disorientation, slurred speech); unusual or inappropriate risk-taking, which may result in physical injury or death; violent behavior towards others, such as assault or rape; accidents caused by operating machinery while impaired; impaired driving resulting in alcohol and drug-related arrest, traffic accidents, injuries, and fatalities; negative effects on work performance; conflicts with co-workers, and others; conduct problems resulting in disciplinary actions, including loss of employment; and legal problems including imprisonment.
Alcohol Abuse Health Risks:
In particular, alcohol abuse can cause very serious health and behavioral problems, including short and long term effects upon the body (physiological and psychological), as well as impairment of learning ability, memory, and performance. Other effects include:
- Decreased performance and absenteeism
- Drowsiness and mood swings
- Poor judgment and coordination/tremors
- Lower morale/self esteem
- Increase in conflict with others
Substance Abuse Health Risks:
Substance abuse can cause very serious health and behavioral problems, including short and long term effects upon the body (physiological and psychological), as well as impairment of learning ability, memory, and performance. Other effects of specific substances include:
- Disruption of space and distance judgment
- Slower motor skills and coordination
- Dilated pupils
- Drowsiness/mood swings
- Diminished mental capacity
- Short attention span
- Mood swings; euphoria
- Irritability, depression
- Impaired judgment and decision making ability
- Stealing to cover cost of drugs
- Lack of dependability
- Running nose; excessive sweating
Hallucinogens: PCP, LSD, Ecstasy, Psilocybin (Mushrooms), Peyote, Salvia Divinorum
- Loss of memory/concentration
- Pupils dilated or constricted
- Visual/auditory hallucinations
- Sudden bizarre behavioral changes
- Interpersonal conflicts
Amphetamines: Benzedrine, Dexedrine, Cross-tops, Whites, Uppers
- Dilated pupils
- Increased accidents
- Diminished reflexes
Methamphetamines: Crank, Crystal
- Impaired judgment/decision making
- Hyperactivity, irritability, anxiety, depression
- Decreased appetite, weight loss, tremors
Sedatives/Barbiturates/Tranquilizers: Valium, Xanax, Seconal, Tuinal, Reds, Downers
- Diminished reflexes/lower productivity
- Memory loss
- Slurred speech/depression
- Slowed mental processing
Laws and Regulations Regarding Alcohol & Other Drug Abuse
All employees are held responsible to applicable federal, state, local, and Biola University policies pertaining to alcohol and other drugs and substances. When violations of law or policy come to the attention of school officials, employees may be referred for prosecution and University sanctions will be imposed. Harm to persons or damage to either private or University property arising from the actions of intoxicated and/or drug-impaired individuals on the premises of the University will be the full and sole responsibility of such individuals.
- The purchase, possession, or consumption of alcoholic beverages by any person under the age of 21 is prohibited.
- It is a violation to promote, distribute, sell, possess, or use narcotics or other impairing substances either on- or off-campus.
- The use of alcohol by employees is prohibited on the Biola campus, at Biola-affiliated functions, or when representing Biola. The selling, either directly or indirectly, of alcoholic beverages is prohibited. The serving of alcohol to an intoxicated person is prohibited. Also, the serving of alcohol to someone to the point of intoxication is prohibited.
- The act(s) of being drunk and disorderly in public view, including on public sidewalks and walkways, is prohibited.
- The unlawful distribution or possession of a prescribed medication is prohibited under California law.
- Because we are a Christian community of believers, our choices impact each other. Therefore, while on University property, it is a violation to knowingly be and/or remain in the company of others who are using alcohol, tobacco, controlled and/or other mind-altering substances while on University property.
- Operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance and while on duty is prohibited and a serious threat to oneself and the community and may result in immediate suspension or termination. Anyone who injures another person as a result of driving under the influence should expect to be terminated.
- The attempt to obtain, use, possess, distribute, or sell any amount of any drug or other substance used with the intent of becoming impaired/intoxicated, or drug-related paraphernalia is strictly prohibited (including marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes). Anyone involved in the sale or distribution of any such drugs or substances on or off-campus will be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including the suspension or termination of employment.
- The possession of an alcoholic beverage in an open container in a motor vehicle or on a bicycle is prohibited by law.
- Promoting the consumption of drugs or alcoholic beverages may not be undertaken within the confines of University properties or through University-sponsored or approved publications. No displays of any kind that promote a lifestyle of drinking or drug use are permitted, including on vehicles parked on campus. Examples include: alcohol brand advertisements or clothing; pictures or posters of drugs or alcohol; alcohol-carrying containers or bottle caps.
- Any employee found supplying alcohol at University-sponsored off-campus events will be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including termination.
- Hosting or in any way assisting or promoting a Biola-related event off-campus that includes drinking or drunkenness is a violation of University policy and is therefore subject to disciplinary action, up to and including termination.
- Any employee who encourages another to consume alcoholic beverages or any substance as a means to induce that individual to engage in behavior that would otherwise be against that person’s will is subject to termination.
- Any employee who sexually assaults another person who is intoxicated is subject to discipline in accordance with the University’s Title IX policy (see https://www.biola.edu/title-ix).
Smoking & Tobacco Use Policy
Research demonstrates that tobacco use is a health hazard to both smokers and non-smokers. According to the Surgeon General, cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of illness and premature death in the United States. Non-smokers who are regularly exposed to second-hand smoke are also at increased risk of illness. In the interest of creating a safe and healthy environment, Biola University has adopted the following policy. This policy applies to all University facilities on the La Mirada campus. All persons using the facilities of the University are subject to this policy.
- Employees smoking, possessing and/or using any tobacco products (e.g., cigarettes, snuff, cigars, pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco) or any nicotine products (e.g., E-cigarettes/vaporizers) on the Biola campus, at Biola-affiliated functions, or when representing Biola are in violation of University policy.
- Smoking (including E-cigarettes/vaporizers) is prohibited on all University facilities, either inside buildings or outside.
- Smoking (including E-cigarettes/vaporizers) is prohibited in any vehicle owned, leased, or operated by the University.
- The sale, distribution, or advertisement of tobacco products and E-cigarettes/vaporizers is prohibited on campus.
- Clothing, posters, containers or other materials displaying tobacco product logos or trademarks are prohibited on campus.
- Vaporizers are prohibited on campus regardless of the substance being vaporized.
- The California Health & Safety Code states that “Every person who possesses any controlled substance shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a minimum of one year” (H & S 11350), and, “Every person who possesses for sale, or purchases for sale, any controlled substance shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for two to four years” (H & S 11351).
- Under federal law, the possession, use and/or sale of narcotics, marijuana, and/or other illicit drugs may include imprisonment for one to fifteen years, plus substantial financial penalties.
- The purchase or possession of marijuana for the purpose of sale, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state penitentiary for a minimum of one year (H&S 11359). In addition, possession any drug paraphernalia for the purpose of unlawfully smoking or injecting a controlled substance is punishable with up to 6 months in county jail (H & S 11364).
- The California Business and Professions Code states that the purchase, possession, distribution, or use of alcoholic beverages is illegal for those under the age of 21 in the State of California and constitutes a misdemeanor under B & P Code 25658 (sections a & b), 25658.5 and 25662. The use of alcohol by obviously intoxicated individuals will vary with the particular circumstances, but may include imprisonment, plus substantial fines and penalties. In addition, minors who are arrested for violations concerning the use of alcohol run the risk of having their driving privileges suspended or revoked until they are age 18. The unlawful sale of alcohol may include imprisonment for six months, plus fines and penalties.
- In addition, the unlawful distribution or possession of a prescribed medication is also prohibited and punishable by imprisonment in the state penitentiary (B & P 4059 & 4060).
- A violation of law involving an individual being under the influence of a combination of alcohol and other drugs may result in an increase in criminal sanctions and penalties.
- Biola University will notify the Department of Education and take appropriate action when it learns of any employee who has been convicted under a criminal drug statute.
Employees found to have violated the tenets of this policy are subject to disciplinary action, up to and including the suspension or termination of employment. Employees found in violation of the California law may also be subject to arrest by local law enforcement. A review by Human Resources of the nature of the violation will determine the particular action to be taken.
To become or remain an employee of Biola University, an employee must agree to abide by this policy and agree to notify Human Resources within five working days if he/she were legally convicted of a drug violation.
Assistance in Overcoming Alcohol & Other Drug Abuse
If you need help or know someone with an alcohol, drug, or substance-related problem, please know that Human Resources, the Counseling Center, and the Health Center can provide assistance to those who come forward seeking help. The Counseling Center provides confidential consultations with trained psychologists and marriage & family therapists, at extremely low cost, and also makes referrals to outside counseling and treatment services.
Biola University Resources for Employees:
- Biola Counseling Center – (562) 903-4800
- Health Center – (562) 903-4841
- Human Resources – (562) 903-4757
The following services are provided in conjunction with employee health benefits:
- Blue Shield HMO, Blue Shield Trio HMO & Blue Shield PPO
- Blue Shield Mental Health Services
- Kaiser Permanente
- Kaiser Permanente Member Services
(800) 464-4000 or TTY 711
(800) 788-0616 (Spanish)
(800) 757-7585 (Chinese dialects)
- Alcoholics Anonymous – English: (323) 936-4343 / Español: (323) 750-2039
- Al-Anon – (818) 760-7122
- Adult Children of Alcoholics – (310) 534-1815
- Cocaine Anonymous – (888) 714-8341
- Family Anonymous Drug Abuse – (847) 294-5877
- Marijuana Anonymous – (800) 766-6779 (English/Español)
- Narcotics Anonymous – English: (800) 863-2962 / Español: (888) 622-4692
- National Council on Alcohol and Drug Dependency – (818) 997-0414